The romantic outlook condemns success as such as both vulgar and immoral; for it is built, as often as not, on a betrayal of one's ideals, on a contemptible arrangement with the enemy. A correspondingly high value is placed upon defiance for its own sake, idealism, sincerity, purity of motive, resistance in the face of all odds, noble failure, which are contrasted with realism, worldly wisdom, calculation, and their rewards—popularity, success, power, happiness, peace bought at morally too high a price. This is the doctrine of heroism and martyrdom, as against that of harmony and wisdom. It is inspiring, audacious, splendid, and sinister too.
-- Isaiah Berlin, The Crooked Timber of Humanity
h/t Michael Gilleland
Of course, the Romantic view sets up a false dichotomy. It is true that worldliness of the sort described is something to be opposed, but the heroic individualism of the Romantics is not the only alternative. There is also the idea of fealty to proper authority, of loyalty to kith and kin, of humility rather than self-assertion.